By Azeem Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, David Crowley (auth.), Hatice Atacag Erkurt (eds.)
Azo dyes play a tremendous position as coloring brokers within the cloth, nutrients, and pharmaceutical undefined. because of the toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown items, their elimination from business wastewaters has been an pressing problem. Promising and not pricey equipment are in line with their biodegradation, that is handled during this quantity. the themes provided via specialists within the box comprise: the class of azo dyes; toxicity brought on by azo dyes; cardio and anaerobic azo dye biodegradation mechanisms; the function of micro organism, fungi, algae and their enzymes in biodegradation; the impression of redox mediators on azo dye aid; the combination of organic with actual and chemical methods; the biotransformation of fragrant amines; reactor modelling for azo dye conversion; the biodegradation of azo dyes by means of immobilized micro organism and fungi; and elements affecting the full mineralization of azo dyes.
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